THE FUNCTIONS OF AUTOMATION AND INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS

September 18, 2018

The value of automation and robots in most manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced individuals within a wide selection of industries. Robots beat humans in jobs that require precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and set), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are used inside a diverse variety of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.

The ISO meaning of a manipulating industrial robot is “an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator”. In accordance with the definition it could be fixed in place or mobile to use in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in three or more axes. These are multi-functional pieces of equipment that can be custom-built and set to perform selection of operations.



The most important advantages of industrial robots is because they might be set to suit industry specific requirements which enable it to work continuously for decades, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. Auto life time associated with an industrial robot is around 12-16 years. Because of the persistent accuracy industrial robots have become an indispensable portion of manufacturing.

Industrial robots has sorted out into different categories based on their mechanical structure. The key kinds of industrial robots are:

Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They’re stationary robots having three components of motion. They work from an overhead grid with a rectangular work envelope. They are mainly accustomed to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots supply their axes above the work making them also perfect for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of movement. They move inside an x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. You can use them for factory automation requiring pick and place work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It could have from two to ten or higher interactive joints. Articulated robots are very worthy of welding, painting and assembly.

Basic industrial robot designs might be customized with the addition of different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are crucial add-ons. End effectors will be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached with robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches that are employed to move or assemble parts are samples of end effectors. End effectors are created and employed to sense and talk with the external environment. The end effectors’ design is determined by the applying requirements in the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. These are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks employed to control other manufacturing equipment including robotic arms. Machine vision is employed for that inspection of product which like semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are widely-used to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.

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